BASA started work in thissector through distribution of tube wells and sanitary latrine at Gazipurdistrict in 1992 with the help of NGO – Forum for Drinking Water supply andSanitation. Later on BASA has implement different projects on water, sanitationand hygiene programs with the assistance of European Commission, World Bank,UNICEF, CIDA, Water Aid, DPHE and Dhaka WASA.
BASA has contributed a lot inachieving this target through its Water and Sanitation Project which started in1994 through the technical and financial assistance of various donors.
Due to arapid trend of urbanization, the small towns and cities of Bangladesh arefacing a challenge with regard to health, hygiene, sanitation and environmentalhazard. In urban areas, the increase in sanitation coverage using septic tanksand pit latrines, have raised sludge volume from waste water dischargeconsiderably. Besides, the environment has been polluted due to lack of properwaste collection and dumping in many areas.
Moreover,accumulated sludge overflows into nearby open drains, water bodies, nearbyforest and agricultural land causesdangerous impact on public health and environment. Failure to provide long term householdsanitation and FSM solutions risks will undermine the progress made throughincreased toilet use. Though it is the responsibility of municipality to managesolid waste generated within the municipality, a major portion of this waste isnot properly and scientifically handled due to shortage of resources.Furthermore, in some municipalities, like Sakhipur under Tangail district wherea great number of poultry firm are operating, generating huge quantities ofpoultry litters daily is a great concern. As these poultry litters aredischarged into nearby ponds, canals or drains and open field, this is alsocausing environmental pollution and health hazards.
To addressthese problems, Bangladesh Association for Social Advancement (BASA) is workingin Sakhipur municipality of Tangail district with the support of WaterAidBangladesh, since 2010 in a water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) project inpartnership with Shakipur municipality. Under this project, as a part ofenvironmental development initiatives, a co-composting plant is currently underoperation to deal with wastes generated from faecal sludge, solid wastes andpoultry litters in Sakhipur, Municipality under Tangail district. Co composting Plant is a Biological Processthat involves micro-organisms that decompose organic matter under aerobicenvironment. The Resulting end Product is stabilized organic matter that can beused as a soil conditioner.Fecal Sludge has a high moisture and nitrogen content whilebiodegradable soiled waste is high in organic carbon and has good baking properties.
Asit is the only co-composting plant where we can manage both fecal sludge andkitchen waste so this plant/ project has already recognized by Local Govt.authority, Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation ( PKSF), Department of AgricultureExtension (DAE) and also some of International agencies namely WaterAid, WorldBank and others. Besides, legal waterconnections installed by this organization BASA at Low Income Communities (LIC) of Korail, Sattala, Hatirjhil, Kalshi, Bwonia slums under Dhaka city corporationwith the financial support of UNICEF and technical cooperation’s of DWASA arewell recognized by the communities and Local Govt. authorities, world Bank, ADBand various other stakeholders.